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2012年高考真题英语单项选择 分类集锦

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注:、全国卷I、全国卷II、北京、上海、天津、江苏、湖北、安徽、湖南、福建、陕西、山东、重庆、四川、江西、浙江、辽宁 (17份;广东卷无单项选择由于时间仓促和网上所传高考试卷原题及答案有不正确的地方,虽加以改正,但仍难免有疏漏,请老师和同学们使用时注意核对原题和更正。
一、冠词
1 (12全国I)22. Sarah looked at ______ finished painting with ______ satisfaction.
A.不填;a          B. a; the                         C. the; 不填               D. the; a
2 (12全国II)7. He missed ___ gold in the high jump, but will get ___ second chance in the long jump.
A. the; the                B. 不填; a           C. the; a              D. a; 不填
3 (12安徽卷)21. Carl is studying ________ food science at college and hopes to open up ________meat processing factory of his own one day.
A. /;a             B. /;the                C. the;a                     D. the;the
4 (2012山东卷)29. Being able to afford _______ drink would be ______ comfort in those tough times.
A. the; the                    B. a; a                       C. a; 不填               D. 不填;a
5 (2012重庆卷)24. Sam has been appointed ________ manager of the engineering department to take ________ place of George.
                A. /,/                        B. the,/                      C. the,the                      D. /,the
6 (12四川卷)18. We are said to be living in ____ Information Age, ____ time of new discoveries and great changes.
A. an; the                      B. 不填; the               C. 不填; a                D. the; a
7 (2012江西卷)21.The Smiths don’t usually stay at         hotels, but last summer they spent a few days at a very nice hotel by ________ sea.
A./; a                                          B.the; the    C./; the                D.the; a
8 (2012浙江卷)2.The development of industry has been_______ gradual process throughout _______ human existence, from stone tools to modern technology.
A. 不填, the                                           B. the; a          C. a; 不填          D. a; a
9 (2012辽宁卷)21. I woke up with      bad headache, yet by      evening the pain had gone.
A. the; the            B. the; an             C. a; the             D. a; an
二、名词和主谓一致
1 (2012全国卷II)19. The Harry Potter books are quite popular; they are in great ___ in this city.
A. quality                 B. progress            C. production           D. demand
2 (2012天津卷)3. You were working too hard. You’d better keep a ________between work and relaxation.
A. promise         B. lead                        C. balance            D. diary
3 (2012江苏卷) 21. —Can I help you with it?
— I appreciate your ________, but I can manage it myself.
A. advice                             B. question                      C. offer                      D. idea
4 (2012湖北卷)29. It is important to have your eyes examined regularly to check for any sign of eye disease that may not have any ________.
A. symptom      B. similarity             C. sample                    D. shadow
5 (2012湖北卷)30. The officer insisted that Michael did not follow the correct ________ in applying for a visa.
A. pattern           B. procedure                C. program             D. perspective
6 (12湖南卷)35. All the scientific evidence___that increasing use of chemicals in farming___damaging our health.
              A. show;are                B. shows;are           C. show;is                        D. shows;is
7 (2012福建卷)25.— Why do you choose to work in an international travel agency?
               — Well, you know, English is my _____. So it is my best choice.
A. strength                     B. talent                                     C. ability                         D. skill
8 (2012陕西卷)12.The basketball coach, as well as his team, ______ interviewed shortly after the match for their outstanding performance.
A. were                        B. was                    C. is                           D. are
9 (2012山东卷)24. My first _______ of him was that he was a kind and thoughtful young man.
A. expression           B. attention                   C. satisfaction                  D. impression
10 (2012四川卷)15. He will come to understand your efforts sooner or later. It’s just a matter of ________.
A. luck                 B. value                      C. time                  D. fact
11 (2012江西卷)29.You’d better write down the phone number of that restaurant for future      .
                                          A.purpose                             B.reference                       C.progress          D.memory
12 (2012浙江卷)7.Your as a student will be excellent if you develop a habit of reflecting on how you learn.
A. operation     B. growth           C. performance           D. character
三、代词
1 (2012全国卷I)31. Larry asks Bill and Peter to go on a picnic with him, but ___ of them wants to, because they have work to do.
A. either          B. any          C. neither          D. none
2 (2012全国卷II)9. Sarah made ___ to the airport just in time to catch her plane this morning.
A. herself                B. this                C. that              D. it
3 (2012北京卷)28. Many people have donated that type of blood; however, the blood bank needs _____.
A. some                     B. less                                 C. much                     D. more
4 (2012上海卷) 31. When he took his gloves off, I noticed that             one had his name written inside.
                 A. each           B. every             C. other          D. another
5 (2012江苏卷) 23. Sophia waited for a reply, but ________ came.
A. either                           B. another                         C. neither            D. none
6 (2012福建卷)22.— Have you figured out how much the trip will cost?
—$4,000, or _____ like that.
A. anything           B. everything                      C. something       D. nothing
7 (2012陕西卷)13. No matter where he is, he makes _____ a rule to go for a walk before breakfast.
A. him                        B this                        C. that                  D. it
8 (2012重庆卷)21. — John, when shall we meet again, Thursday or Friday?
                — ________. I’ll be off to London then.
               A. Either                   B. Neither                         C. Both             D. None
9 (2012四川卷)2. New technologies have made ______ possible to turn out new products faster and at a lower cost.
A. that             B. this                     C. one           D. it
10 (2012江西卷)23.My brother would like to buy a good watch but       was available from that shop.   
A.nothing                                  B.none                                   C.no one       D.neither
11 (2012浙江卷)5.Studying Wendy's menu, I found that many of the items are similar to______ of McDonald's.
A. those                                          B. ones                        C. any         D. all
12 (2012辽宁卷)28. If you’re buying today’s paper from the stand, could you get       for me?
A. one           B. such               C. this            D. that
四、形容词和副词
1 (2012全国卷I)26. The result is not very important to us, but if we do win, then so much________.
A. the best        B. best           C. better          D. the better
2 (2012全国卷II)13. Next to biology, I like physics ___ .
A. better              B. best               C. the better               D. very well
3 (2012天津卷)4. The dog may be a good companion for the old. ____, the need to take it for walks may be a disadvantage.
A. Besides        B. However         C. Therefore       D. Instead.
4 (2012天津卷)10. The secretary arranged a(n)______time and space for the applicants to have an interview.
A. important      B. spare                                        C. public                      D. convenient
5 (2012湖北卷)26. “Perhaps we need to send for Dr. Smith to see what we can do about it,” Father suggested ________ to his neighbor who had come to discuss the problem.
                  A. tentatively           B. thoughtlessly                C. definitely                        D. rudely
6 (2012湖北卷)27. Can you tell the ________ difference between the words “require” and “request”? I sometimes get puzzled by their meanings.
                 A. dramatic             B. regional                          C. apparent                        D. subtle
7 (2012湖北卷)28. Whether the buildings in this area should be pulled d学科网(www.zxxk.com)--教育资源门户,提供试卷、教案、课件、论文、素材及各类教学资源下载,还有大量而丰富的教学相关资讯!own has remained ________; people are still looking for other possible solutions.
A. unchallenged     B. relevant                          C. controversial            D. contradictory
8 (2012安徽卷)23. Interest is as ________ to learning as the ability to understand, even more so.
                A. vital              B. available                  C. specific                  D. similar
9 (2012安徽卷)34. Queen Elizabeth Ⅱis often to be richest woman in the world. ________, her personal wealth seems rather small.
A. Besides        B. Otherwise          C. However         D. Altogether
10 (2012湖南卷)24. Bicycling is good exercise; ________, it does not pollute the air.
                 A. nevertheless  B. besides                           C. otherwise                       D. therefore
11 (2012福建卷)27.Anyone, whether he is an official or a bus driver, should be _____respected.
A. especially         B. equally                            C. naturally                    D. normally
12 (2012福建卷)32.— Can you lend me the book Gone with the Wind?
                     — Sorry. I returned it to the library just now. Maybe it is still ____.
A. available          B. affordable                      C. acceptable                     D. valuable
13 (2012山东卷) 33. Be _______ — you can’t expect me to finish all this work in so little time.
A. reasonable                B. confident                   C. creative                 D. grateful
14 (2012四川卷)16. I make $2,000 a week, 60 surely won’t make ________ difference to me.
A. that a big                 B. a that big        C. big a that       D. that big a
15 (2012四川卷)7. The hotel is almost finished, but it ________ needs one or two weeks to get ready for guests.
A. only           B. also                C. even                  D. still
16 (2012浙江卷)10.The research lacks ______ evidence, and therefore, its conclusions are doubtful.
A. solid          B. fierce           C. severe                  D. potential
17 (2012辽宁卷)22. We used to see each other       , but I haven’t head from him since last year.
A. especially       B. regularly          C. particularly        D. approximately
五、动词和动词短语
1 (2012全国卷I)27. Mary is really good at taking notes in class. She can ____ almost every word her teacher says.
A. put out         B. put down          C. put away                D. put together
2 (2012全国卷I)35. If she doesn't want to go, nothing you can say will _______ her.
A. persuade       B. promise         C. invite            D. support
3 (2012全国卷II)12. We ___ to paint the whole house but finished only the front part that day.
A. set about              B. set up              C. set out                     D. set down
4 (2012天津卷)13. Parents and children should communicate more to ________the gap between them so that they can understand each other better.
A. open           B. narrow           C. widen           D. leave
5 (2012江苏卷) 26. — OK, I’ve had enough of it. I give up.
—You can’t ________ your responsibilities.
A. run off with                B. run up against       C. run out of      D. run away from
6 (2012湖北卷)21. Two lawyers have donated $50,000 to ________ our school’s campaign “Help the Needy”, which was started by our former headmaster three years ago.
A. sponsor                       B. launch                        C. organize                 D. plan
7 (2012湖北卷)22. Finally, my thanks go to my tutor, who has offered a lot of suggestions and comments on my paper and ________ every page of my draft.
A. approved       B. quoted                           C. polished                 D. folded
8 (2012湖北卷)23. Walking alone in the dark, the boy whistled to ________ his courage.
A. hold up               B. keep up           C. set up          D. take up
9 (2012湖北卷)24. I’m so glad you’ve come here to ________ this matter in person.

tick to /look fore to _________neutralA. lead to                     B. see to                     C. turn to               D. refer to
10 (2012安徽卷)28. The athlete’s years of hard training ________ when she finally won the Olympic gold medal.
A. went on            B. got through             C. paid off          D. ended up 
11 (2012福建卷)29.You had better _____some time every day for sports so that you can keep yourself energetic.
A. set aside             B. take up                            C. put away           D. give out
12 (2012陕西卷)19. He had to pause from time to time to wipe the sweat from his forehead, because the air—conditioning system ________.
A. broke in           B. broke up                  C. broke out                D. broke down
13 (2012四川卷)20. It’s surprising that your brother ________ Russian so quickly—he hasn’t lived there very long.
A. picked up    B. looked up             C. put up                    D. made up
14 (2012江西卷)24.I’ve        the habit of calling in on my grandparents on my way home from school.
                                          A.come into      B.gone into        C.got into         D.run into
15 (2012江西卷)30.We were all agreed that the cottage would      a perfect holiday home for the family.
                                          A.make          B.turn            C.take            D.have
16 (2012浙江卷)12. According to scientists, our mental abilities begin to______       from the age of 27 after reaching the highest level at 22.
A. differ                                    B. shrink                          C. fail           D. decline
17 (2012浙江卷)15.Armed with the information you have gathered, you can_______ preparing your business plan.
A. set out                                   B. set about                   C. set off           D. set up
六、介词和介词短语
1 (2012全国卷II)16.100℃ is the temperature ___ which water will boil.
A. for               B. at           C. on              D. of
2 (2012北京卷)34. Do you think this shirt is too tight ____ the shoulders?
A. at                            B. on                   C. to                   D. across
3 (2012上海卷)25.         passion, people won't have the motivation or the joy necessary for creative thinking.
A. For     .     B. Without    C. Beneath     D. By
4 (2012江苏卷) 29. — Thank God you’re safe!
—I stepped back, just ________ to avoid the racing car.
A. in time         B. in case           C. in need     D. in vain
5 (2012安徽卷)25. You can change your job, you can move house, but friendship is meant to be ________ life.
A. of                   B. on         C. to          D. for
6 (2012福建卷)26.China has been pushing the reform of public hospitals ____all its citizens.
A. in charge of    B. for the purpose of    C. in honor of             D. for the benefit of
7 (2012福建卷)33.Nothing is so easy as _____ parents to raise their expectations of their children too high.
A. of                      B. to                C. by                   D. for
8 (12陕西)11. An agreement seems to be impossible because the majority of the committee members are ____ it.
A . against      B. for                C .to                   D. with
9 (2012浙江卷)6. _____all the animals I've ever had, these two dogs arc the most sensitive to the spoken word.
A. From                        B. Of                     C. For          D. With
10 (2012辽宁卷)27. The Well Hotel stands in a quiet place       the main road at the far end of the lake.
                 A. to             B. for       C. off         D. out
七、情态动词和虚拟语气
1 (12全国I)30. I ___ use a clock to wake me up because at six o'clock each morning the train comes by my house.
A. couldn't         B. mustn't              C. shouldn't       D. needn't
2 (2012全国卷II)17. I’m going to Europe on vacation together with John if I ___ find the money.
A. can           B. might               C. would                 D. need
3 (2012北京卷)33. We ______ the difficulty together, but why didn’t you tell me?
A. should face              B. might face      C. could have faced   D. must have faced
4 (2012北京卷)35. Don’t handle the vase as if it ____ made of steel.
A. is                                     B. were                      C. has been                D. had been
5 (2012上海卷) 28. The new law states that people ______ drive after drinking alcohol.
                 A. wouldn't        B. needn't        C. won't             D. mustn't
6 (2012天津卷) 8. It’s quite warm here; we __________turn the heating on yet.
A. couldn’t         B. mustn’t       C. needn’t           D. wouldn’t
7 (2012天津卷) 15. We wouldn’t have called a taxi yesterday if Harold __________us a ride home.
                                       A. didn’t offer      B. wouldn’t offer   C. hasn’t offered     D. hadn’t offered
8 (2012江苏卷) 28. Days later, my brother called to say he was all right, but ________ say where he was.
A. mustn’t         B. shouldn’t               C. wouldn’t                D. mightn’t
9 (2012安徽卷)31. Grace doesn’t want to move to New York because she thinks if she ________ there, she wouldn’t be able to see her parents very often.
A. lives                B. would live         C. lived               D. were to live
10 (2012湖南卷)29. Sorry, I am too busy now. If I ________ time, I would certainly go for an outing with you.
                  A. have had           B. had had                 C. have                    D. had
11 (2012福建卷)31.We lost our way in that small village, otherwise we ____ more places of interest yesterday.
A. visited           B. had visited      C. would visit             D. would have visited      
12 (12陕西)17. If may car _________ more reliable, I would have driven to Lhasa instead of flying last summer.
A. was                B. had been               C. should be             D. would be
13 (2012陕西卷)23. I______ thank you too much for all your help to my son while we were away from home.
                 A. won’t          B. can’t          C. can           D. will 
14 (2012山东卷)30. If we _______ adequate preparations, the conference wouldn’t have been so successful.
A. haven’t made        B. wouldn’t make    C. didn’t make         D. hadn’t made
15 (2012重庆卷)25. — ________ you interrupt now? Can’t you see I’m on the phone?
— Sorry Sir, but it’s urgent.
                A. Can                      B. Should                  C. Must                 D. Would
16 (12四川)19. I got close enough to hear them speaking Chinese, and I said “Ni Hao” just as I ___ do in China.
A. must                       B. might             C. can                  D. should
17 (2012江西卷)22.We        have bought so much food now that Suzie won’t be with us for dinner.
A.may not                          B.needn’t        C.can’t          D.mustn’t 
18 (2012浙江卷)19.  Had they known what was coming next, they_______ second thoughts.
A. may have                 B. could have     C. must have had    D. might have had
19 (2012辽宁卷)24. One of our rules is that every student       wear school uniform while at school.
A. might          B. could          C. shall            D. will
20 (2012辽宁卷)33. Jack is a great talker. It’s high time that he              something instead of just talking.
                 A. will do         B. has done        C. do             D. did
八、非谓语动词
1 (2012全国卷I)28. The party will be held in the garden, weather _______.
         A. permitting       B. to permit          C. permitted         D. permit
2 (2012全国卷I)32. Film has a much shorter history, especially when _______ such art forms as music and painting.
     A. having compared to     B. comparing to           C. compare to      D. compared to
3 (2012全国卷II)10. Tony lent me the money, ___ that I’d do as much for him.
                       A. hoping            B. to hope          C. hoped           D. having hoped
4 (12全国II)15. The old man sat in front of the television every evening, happy __ anything that happened to be on.
                   A. to watch        B. watching         C. watched           D. to have watched
5 (2012北京卷)23. One learns a language by making mistakes and ______ them.
A. corrects            B. correct             C. to correct        D. correcting
6 (2012北京卷)27. _______ with care, one tin will last for six weeks.
A. Use                          B. Using                         C. Used                     D. To use
7 (2012北京卷)32. Birds’ singing is sometimes a warning to other birds ________ away.
                     A. to stay                     B. staying                       C. stayed                    D. stay
8 (2012上海卷)27. As Jack left his membership card at home, he wasn't allowed         into the sports club.
                A. going            B. to go            C. go             D. gone
9 (2012上海卷)33. When Peter speaks in public, he always has trouble        _ the right things to say.
                A. thinking of        B. to think of        C. thought of      D. think of
10 (2012上海卷)36. The club, _    _ 25 years ago, is holding a party for past and present members.
                 A. founded          B. founding         C. being founded    D. to be founded
11 (2012上海卷) 39. "Genius" is a complicated concept, _    _ many different factors.
                 A. involved         B. involving       C. to involve      D. being involved
12 (2012天津卷)11. He got up late and hurried to his office, _________the breakfast untouched.
                 A. left             B. to leave          C. leaving        D. having left
13 (2012江苏卷) 31. ____ an important decision more on emotion than on reason, you will regret it sooner or later.
A. Based                             B. Basing                     C. Base                    D. To base
14 (2012安徽卷)24. I remembered ________ the door before I left the office, but forgot to turn off the lights.
A. locking                      B. to lock                   C. having locked   D. to have locked
15 (2012安徽卷)30. When ________ for his views about his teaching job, Philip said he found it very interesting and rewarding.
A. asking               B. asked                   C. having asked           D. to be asked
16 (2012湖南卷) 21. We’ve had a good start, but next, more work needs ________ to achieve the final success.
                  A. being done                B. do                                   C. to be done                      D. to do
17 (2012湖南卷)23. Time, ________ correctly, is money in the bank.
                 A. to use                            B. used                              C. using                                D. use
18 (12湖南)31. The lecture, ___ at 7:00 pm last night, was followed by an observation of the moon with telescopes.
              A. starting                      B. being started                C. to start                                     D. to be started
19 (2012福建卷)28.China recently tightened its waters controls near the Huangyan Island to prevent Chinese fishing boats from ______in the South China Sea.
A. attacking               B. having attacked        C. being attacked              D. having been attacked
20 (2012福建卷)34.Pressed from his parents,and _____that he has wasted too much time, the boy is determined to stop playing video games.
A. realizing                B. realized                           C. to realize                        D. being realized
21 (2012陕西卷)15.________ in a long queue, we waited for the store to open to buy a New iPad.
A. Standing            B. To stand                   C.Stood                     D. Stand
22 (2012陕西卷)22. If he takes on this work, he will have no choice but ______ an even greater challenge.
A. meets          B. meeting           C. meet              D. to meet
23 (2012山东卷)26. George returned after the war, only _______ that his wife had left him.
A. to be told                   B. telling                  C. being told                  D. told
24 (2012山东卷)35. After completing and signing it, please return the form to us in the envelope ________.
A. providing       B. provided                   C. having provided           D. provide
25 (2012重庆卷)23. ________ to work overtime that evening, I missed a wonderful film.
A. Having been asked           B. To ask         C. Having asked              D. To be asked
26 (2012重庆卷)28. We’re having a meeting in half an hour. The decision ________ at the meeting will influence the future of our company.
A. to be made        B. being made            C. made         D. having been made
27 (2012四川卷)6. Tom took a taxi to the airport, only ________ his plane high up in the sky.
A. finding            B. to find           C. being found     D. to have found
28 (2012四川卷) 8. I looked up and noticed a snake ________ its way up the tree to catch its breakfast.
A. to wind                        B. wind            C. winding        D. wound
29 (2012四川卷)12. Before driving into the city, you are required to get your car________.
A. washed                        B. wash               C. washing        D. to wash
30 (2012江西卷)33.Having finished her project, she was invited by the school      to the new students.
A.speaking          B.having spoken                 C.to speak       D.to have spoken
31 (2012江西卷)35.John has really got the job because he showed me the official letter        ______ him it.
A.offered                            B.offering                         C.to offer       D.to be offered
32 (2012浙江卷)3.No matter how bright a talker you are, there are times when it's better _____ silent.
A. remain                       B. be remaining              C. having remained    D. to remain
33 (2012浙江卷)11. "It's a such nice place," Mother said as she sat at the table________ for customs.
A. to be reserved      B. Living reserved       C. reserving               D. reserved
34 (2012辽宁卷)25. The old couple often take a walk after supper in the park with their pet dog       them.
A. to follow         B. following            C. followed          D. follows
35 (2012辽宁卷)26. Rod loves      clocks. However, he never manages to put them together again.
A. taking apart       B. giving away          C. making up        D. turning off
36 (2012辽宁卷)29. This machine is very easy      . Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes.
                 A. operating         B. to be operating        C. operated         D. to operate
九、固定短语
1 (2012湖北卷)25. The furniture, with its modern style and bright colors, suits modern houses and their gardens, but looks _______ in the garden of a traditional home.
A. out of question            B. out of order            C. out of sight                D. out of place
2 (2012江西卷)34.He seems to be giving the impression that he didn’t enjoy himself in Paris.         , he had a wonderful time.
                                        A.Above all       B.What’s more      C.As a result        D.On the contrary
3 (2012浙江卷)14.Brown said he was by no means annoyed; _____ he was glad to be able to make himself clearly understood.
A. all in all                            B. for one thing            C. on the contrary     D. by the way
十、时态和语态
1 (2012全国卷I)23. "Life is like walking in the snow", Granny used to say, "because every step _______.”
A. has shown                       B. is showing               C. shows                        D. showed
2 (2012全国卷I)33. I had been working on math for the whole afternoon and the numbers _______ before my eyes.
A. swim              B .swum                  C. swam           D. had swum
3 (2012全国卷II)14. — Did you ask Sophia for help?
— I ___ need to — I managed perfectly well on my own.
A. wouldn’t         B. don’t                C. didn’t               D. won’t
4 (2012全国卷II)18. The manager ___ the workers how to improve the program since 9 a.m.
A. has told          B. is telling                C. has been telling       D. will have told
5 (2012北京卷)22. By the time you have finished this book, your meal ______ cold.
A. gets                   B. has got             C. will get                  D. is getting
6 (2012北京卷)25. George said that he would come to school to see me the next day, but he ______.
A. wouldn’t            B. didn’t                C. hasn’t                  D. hadn’t
7 (2012北京卷)29. —Have you heard about that fire in the market?[
— Yes, fortunately no one _____.
A. hurt                          B. was hurt                   C. has hurt                              D. had been hurt
8 (2012北京卷)30. Our friendship _____ quickly over the weeks that followed.
A. had developed       B. was developing    C. would develop           D. developed
9 (2012上海卷)26. Is honesty the best policy? We       that it is when we are little.
                A. will teach         B. teach             C. are taught        D. will be taught
10 (2012上海卷) 30. — I hear that Jason is planning to buy a car.
                  —I know. By next month, he _      enough for a used one.
                  A. will have saved    B. will be saving       C. has saved        D. saves
11 (2012天津卷)2. The letters for the boss___________ on his desk but he didn’t read them until three later.
A. were put          B. was put            C. put             D. has put
12 (2012天津卷)12. The three of us________ around Europe for about a month last summer.
                                       A. travelled          B. have travelled       C. had travelled     D. travel
13 (2012江苏卷) 32. The manager is said to have arrived back from Paris where he _____ some European business partners.
A. would meet                 B. is meeting         C. meets                          D. had met
14 (2012安徽卷)26. In order to find the missing child, villagers ________ all they can over the past five hours.
A. did                B. do                C. had done        D. have been doing
15 (2012安徽卷)33. Walmart, which is one of the largest American supermarket chains, ________ some of its store open 24 hours on Mondays through Saturdays.
A. keeps             B. keep              C. have kept           D. had kept
16 (12安徽)35. After school we went to the reading—room to do some reading, only to be told that it ________.
A. was decorated     B. had decorated    C. had been decorating   D. was being decorated
17 (2012湖南卷)22. Don’t worry. The hard work that you do now ________ later in life.
                 A. will be repaid        B. was being repaid            C. has been repaid            D. was repaid
18 (2012湖南卷)25. Close the door of fear behind you, and you _________ the door of faith open before you.
                 A. saw                          B. have seen                        C. will see                          D. are seeing
19 (2012湖南卷)27. “The moment ________ soon,” he thought to himself, waiting nervously.
                  A. came                   B. has come                            C. was coming                   D. is coming
20 (2012湖南卷)33. — I remember you were a talented pianist at college. Can you play the piano for me?
— Sorry, I ________ the piano for years.
A. don’t play                 B. wasn’t playing       C. haven’t played    D. hadn’t played
21 (2012福建卷)24.— When did the computer crash?
                — This morning, while I ______ the reading materials downloaded from some websites.
A. have sorted             B. was sorting                 C. am sorting                     D. had sorted
22 (2012陕西卷)24. —Can I call you back at two o’clock this afternoon?
                  —I’m sorry, but by then I ______ to Beijing. How about five?
A. fly                B. will fly                       C. will be flying              D. am flying
23 (2012山东卷)28. After Jack had sent some e—mails, he _______ working on his project.
A. had started         B. has started              C. started                  D. starts
24 (2012山东卷)34. The manager was concerned to hear that two of his trusted workers ______.
A. will leave             B. are leaving              C. have left                  D. were leaving
25 (2012重庆卷)22. — Kevin, you look worried. Anything wrong?
                 — Well, I ________ a test and I’m waiting for the result.
                 A. will take            B. took                            C. had taken            D. take
26 (2012重庆卷)27. Food supplies in the flood—stricken area _____. We must act immediately before there’s left.
A. have run out      B. are running out        C. have been run out  D. are being run out
27 (2012四川卷)9. — Did you catch what I said?
— Sorry. I ________ a text message just now.
A. had answering      B. have answered                C. would answer          D. was answering
28 (2012四川卷)11. They are living with their parents for the moment because their own house ________.
A. is being rebuilt          B. has been rebuilt               C. is rebuilt                 D. has rebuilt
29 (2012江西卷)26.—Look! Somebody       the sofa.
                  —Well, it wasn’t me. I didn’t do it.
         A.is cleaning        B.was cleaning     C.has cleaned       D.had cleaned
30 (2012浙江卷)8. I think Tom, as the head of a big department, should either study regularly or______ his job.
A. quits              B. to quit                   C. quitting                 D. quit
31 (2012浙江卷)13.Peter had intended to take a job in business, but _____that plan after the unpleasant experience in Canada in 2010.
A. had abandoned     B. abandoned     C. abandon               D. will abandon
32 (2012浙江卷)16.        — Alvin, are you coming with us?
— I'd love to, but something unexpected        ____.
A. has come up     B. was coming up      C. had come up          D. would come up
33 (2012辽宁卷)31. I feel so excited! At this time tomorrow morning I       to Shanghai.
A. will be flying     B. will fly          C. have been flying      D. have flown
34 (2012辽宁卷)35. Mum, I was wondering if you could lend me a few dollars until I                on Friday.
                 A. get paid         B. got paid          C. have paid           D. had been paid
十一、定语从句
1 (2012全国卷II)8. That evening, ___ I will tell you more about later, I ended up working very late.
A. that           B. which          C. what             D. when
2 (12北京)26. When deeply absorbed in work, ______ he often was, he would forget all about eating or sleeping.
            A. that            B. which        C. where        D. when
3 (2012上海卷)35. Have you sent thank—you notes to the relatives from _    _ you received gifts?
                A. which          B. them        C. that           D. whom
4 (2012天津卷)7. I wish to thank Professor Smith, without _______help I would never have got this far.
A. who           B. whose        C. whom        D. which
5 (2012江苏卷) 22. After the flooding, people were suffering in that area, ________ urgently needed clean water, medicine and shelter to survive.
A. which                              B. who                       C. where        D. what
6 (2012安徽卷)29. A lot of language learning, ________ has been discovered, is happening in the first year of life, so parents should talk much to their children during that period.
A. as                   B. it              C. which        D. this
7 (2012湖南卷)34. Care of the soul is a gradual process ____ even the small details of life should be considered.
                A. what                       B. in what                  C. which               D. in which
8 (2012福建卷)23.The air quality in the city, ______ is shown in the report, has improved over the past two months.
A. that                        B. it                              C. as                      D. what
9 (2012陕西卷)14. It is the third time that she has won the race, ______ has surprised us all.
A. that                       B. where               C. which               D. what
10 (2012山东卷)23. Maria has written two novels, both of ________ have been made into television series.    
A. them                    B. that                  C. which              D. what
11 (2012重庆卷)29. Sales director is a position ________ communication ability is just as importance as sales skills.
A. which               B. that                   C. when        D. where
12 (2012四川卷)13. In our class there are 46 students, ________ half wear glasses.
A. in whom              B. in them          C. of whom      D. of them
13 (2012江西卷)28.By 16:30,        was almost closing time, nearly all the paintings had been sold.
                     A.which                     B.when         C.what        D.that
14 (2012浙江卷)9. We live in an age      ________ more information is available with greater ease than ever before.
A. why                                 B. when                      C. to whom           D. on which
15 (2012浙江卷)17.Ellen was a painter of birds and of nature, _____, for some reason, had withdrawn from all human society.
A. which                          B. who                          C. where           D. whom
十二、状语从句
1 (2012全国卷I)25. I don't believe we've met before, _______ I must say you do look familiar.
A. therefore          B. although       C. since            D. unless
2 (2012全国卷I)29. This restaurant wasn't _______ that other restaurant we went to.
A. half as good as      B. as half good as  C. as good as half    D. good as half as
3 (2012全国卷II)11. I had hardly got to the office ___ my wife phone me to go back home at once.
A. when                    B. than             C. until              D. after
4 (2012北京卷)21.—Look at those clouds!
—Don’t worry. ______ it rains, we’ll still have a great time.
A. Even if                B.As though      C. In case           D. If only
5 (2012上海卷) 32. I have a tight budget for the trip, so I'm not going to fly      the airlines lower ticket prices.
                A. once              B. if             C. after           D. unless
6 (2012上海卷) 40. The map is one of the best tools a man has      he goes to a new place.
                A. whenever          B. whatever       C. wherever       D. however
7 (2012天津卷)14. Everything was placed exactly ___________he wanted it for the graduation ceremony.
                                     A. while              B. when          C. where         D. though
8 (2012江苏卷) 30. One’s life has value ________ one brings value to the life of others.
A. so that                             B. no matter how   C. as long as            D. except that
9 (2012湖南卷)28. ________ I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A.
             A. While                       B. Once                 C. If                              D. Until
10 (2012湖南卷)32. ________ hard you try, it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the amount you eat.
                A. However                   B. Whatever        C. Whichever            D. Whenever
11 (2012福建卷)30.It is hard for the Greek government to get over the present difficulties ____ it gets more financial support from the European Union.
A. if                                 B. unless                       C. because                 D. since
12 (2012陕西卷)18. Hot _______ the night air was, we slept deeply because we were so tired after the long journey.
A. although                   B. as                        C. while                     D. however
13 (2012陕西卷)25. All the photographs in this book, _______ stated otherwise, date from the 1950s.
A. unless                         B. until                     C. once                  D. if
14 (2012山东卷)27. He smiled politely ______ Mary apologized for her drunken friends.
A. as                              B. if                    C. unless               D. though
15 (2012山东卷)32. A number of high buildings have arisen _______ there was nothing a year ago but ruins.
A. when                         B. where                 C. before               D. until
16 (2012重庆卷)30. — Coach, can I continue with the training?
— Sorry, you can’t ________ you haven’t recovered from the knee injure.
A. until                       B. before                      C. because              D. unless
17 (2012四川卷)4. At school, some students are active ________ some are shy, yet they can be good friends with one another.
A. while            B. although                C. so             D. as
18 (2012四川卷)10. If you happen to get lost in the wild, you’d better stay ________ you are and wait for help.
A. why                  B. where           C. who                    D. what
19 (2012江西卷)31.You can borrow my car        you promise not to drive too fast.
A.unless       B.even if                                      C.in case        D.as long as
20 (2012浙江卷)18. Mike was usually so careful, ______this time he made a small mistake.
A. yet                           B. still                  C. even                       D. thus
21 (2012辽宁卷)30. Leave your key with your neighbor      you lock yourself out one day.
 A. as long as          B. even though     C. in case         D. as if
十三、名词性从句
1 (2012全国卷I)24. It is by no means clear _______ the president can do to end the strike.
A. how           B. which               C. that             D. what
2 (2012北京卷)24. Jerry did not regret giving the comment but felt ______ he could have expressed it differently.
A. why              B. how             C. that                     D. whether
3 (2012上海卷)34. There is much truth in the idea _         kindness is usually served by frankness.
                A. why           B. which          C. that             D. whether
4 (2012上海卷)38. — We've only got this small bookcase. Will that do?
                — No,      I am looking for is something much bigger and stronger.
                A. who           B. that            C. what            D. which
5 (2012天津卷)9. It doesn’t matter _________you turn right or left at the crossing —both roads lead to the park.
A. whether        B. how           C. if                D. when
6 (2012江苏卷) 27. The notice came around two in the afternoon ________ the meeting would be postponed.
A. when                       B. that                        C. whether                      D. how
7 (2012安徽卷)27. The limits of a person’s intelligence, generally speaking, are fixed at birth, but ________ he reaches these limits will depend on his environment.
                A. where          B. whether           C. that                         D. why
8 (2012湖南卷)26. Everyone in the village is very friendly. It doesn’t matter ________ you have lived there for a short or a long time.
                A. why                         B. how                        C. whether                D. when
9 (2012福建卷)35.We promise _____attends the party a chance to have a photo taken with the movie star.
A. who                   B. whom                     C. whoever                D. whomever
10 (2012陕西卷)20. As many five courses are provided, and you are free to choose ______ suits you best.
A whatever             B. whichever             C. whenever             D. wherever
11 (2012山东卷)21. When you are done with the book, just give it to Lucy or Helen or __________.
A. whoever                B. wherever              C. whatever                      D. however
12 (2012山东卷)25. It doesn’t matter ________ you pay by cash or credit card in this store.
A. how                B. whether           C. what                      D. why
13 (2012重庆卷)34. Evidence has been found through years of study ________ children’s early sleeping problem likely to continue when they grow up.
A. why                             B. how                        C. whether               D. that
14 (2012四川卷)17. Scientists study ________ human brains work to make computers.
A. when                      B. how                 C. that            D. whether
15 (2012江西卷)25.It suddenly occurred to him       he had left his keys in the office.
                                          A.whether                                     B.where        C.which         D.that
16 (2012浙江卷)4.I made a promise to myself______ this year, my first year in high school, would be different.
A. whether                           B. what                            C. that        D. how
17 (2012辽宁卷)34. The newcomer went to the library the other day and searched for               he could find about Mark Twain.
                  A. wherever        B. however       C. whatever        D. whichever
十四、并列句(连词)
1 (2012全国卷I)34. You have to move out of the way _______ the truck cannot get past you.
A. so             B. or        C. and                            D. but
2 (2012四川卷)14. This training program can give you a lift at work, ________ increase your income by 40%.
A. as well as      B. so long as               C. so much as             D. as soon as
十五、特殊句式(强调句、倒装句、祈使句、反意问句等)
强调句
1 (2012上海卷)37. — Was it by cutting down staff      she saved the firm?
                — No, it was by improving work efficiency.
                A. when           B. what          C. how         D. that
2 (2012湖南卷)30. It was not until I came here ___I realized this place was famous for not only its beauty but also its weather.
                 A. who                      B. that                        C. where                  D. before
4 (2012重庆卷)32. It was 80 years before Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic ________ Zheng He had sailed to East Africa.
A. when                B. that                        C. after          D. since
倒装句
1 (2012上海卷) 29. Only with the greatest of luck        to escape from the rising flood waters.
                 A. managed she         B. she managed       
 C. did she manage       D. she did manage
2 (2012天津卷)6. Only after Mary read her composition the second time_________ the spelling mistake.
A. did she notice       B. she noticed    C. does she notice        D. she has noticed
3 (2012山东卷)31. — I don’t know about you, but I’m sick and tired of this weather.
                — _________. I can’t stand all this rain.
A. I don’t care                  B. It’s hard to say          C. So am I                  D. I hope so
4 (2012重庆卷)33. The headmaster will not permit the change in the course, nor ________ it a thought.
A. does he even given      B. he even gives        
C. will he even give              D. he will even given
5 (2012四川卷)5. This is not my story, nor ________ the whole story. My story plays out differently.
A. is there             B. there is                    C. is it                      D. it is
6 (2012江西卷)32.Never before      seen anybody who can play tennis as well as Robert.
                                      A.had she        B.she had                  C.has she                    D.she has
7 (2012辽宁卷)32. Not until he retired from teaching three years ago       having a holiday abroad.
A. he had considered      B. had he considered  
C. he considered          D. did he consider
祈使句
1 (2012北京卷)31. ______ at the door before you enter my room, please.
A. Knock                      B. Knocking                            C. Knocked                         D. To knock
2 (2012重庆卷)31. Before you quit your job, ________ how your family would feel about your decision.
A. consider              B. considering                         C. to consider                   D. considered
反意问句
(2012江苏卷) 25. There is little doubt in your mind that he is innocent, ________?
A. is there         B. isn’t there                C. is he                 D. isn’t he
十六、情景交际
1 (2012全国卷I)21. —Which one of these do you want?
            — _______. Either will do.
A. I don't mind     B. I'm sure               C. No problem                D. Go ahead
2 (2012全国卷II)6. — What shall we do tonight then?
— ___ — whatever you want.
A. Help yourself        B. It’s a deal           C. No problem            D. It’s up to you
3 (2012全国卷II)20. — Try not to work yourself too hard. Take it easy.
— Thanks. ___
A. So what?       B. No way.              C. What for?              D. You, too.
4 (2012天津卷) 1.—Can I have a day off tomorrow, Mr. Johnson?
—__________. I can manage without you.
A. Forget it       B. I’m afraid not         C. It depends             D. Of course
5 (2012天津卷) 5. —You have to believe in yourself. No one else will, if you don’t.
—__________. Confidence is really important.
A. It’s not my cup of tea                B. That’s not the point      
C. I don’t think so                                                   D. I couldn’t agree more
6 (2012江苏卷) 24. —Don’t worry, Mum. The doctor said it was only the flu.
— ________! I’ll tell Dad there’s nothing serious.
A. What a relief        B. Congratulations       C. How surprising    D. I’m so sorry
7 (2012江苏卷) 33. — Honey, the cat’s stuck in the tree. Can you turn off the TV and get a ladder…?
— Oh, it jumped off. ________.
A. Never mind                   B. All right                C. No problem     D. Take care
8 (2012江苏卷) 34. The president hopes that the people will be better off when he quits than when he ________.
A. has started                B. starts                             C. started                  D. will start
9 (2012江苏卷) 35. —Happy birthday!
—Thank you! It’s the best present I _______ for.
A. should have wished           B. must have wished       
C. may have wished       D. could have wished
10 (2012安徽卷)22. — May I help you? You seem to be having some problems.
— ________, thanks. I think I can manage.
                A. All right            B. No problem             C. It’s all right           D. There’s no way
11 (2012安徽卷)32. — I love the Internet. I’ve come to know many friends on the Net.
                  — ________. Few of them would become your real friends.
A. That’s for sure           B. It’s not the case    
C. I couldn’t agree more      D. I’m pleased to know that
12 (2012福建卷)21. — What are you going to do this weekend?
                 — _____. If time permits, I may go to Shanghai with my friends.
                      A. Don't mention it    B. It doesn't matter       C. Forget it        D. It depends
13 (2012陕西卷)16. —I’m sorry for being late. I should have phoned you earlier.
                      —_________. I’ve just arrived.
A. That’s no trouble  B. You are welcome    C. That’s all right  D. You can never tell
14 (2012陕西卷)21.—The trip shouldn’t take more than an hour.
  —_______. It is at least two hours.
                 A. I guess so        B. That’s it       C. You must be joking    D. It depends
15 (2012山东卷)22. — Sorry I’m late. I got stuck in traffic.
                 — _________. You’re here now. Come in and sit down.
A. You are welcome         B. That’s right       C. I have no idea               D. Never mind
16 (2012重庆卷)26. — The Modern Art Exhibition in the City Museum has been cancelled.
— Oh, no! ________.
A. It’s a pity     B. It doesn’t matter    C. I knew it already  D. It’s not interesting at all
17 (2012重庆卷)35. — Look, here comes your dream girl. Invite her to dance.
— ________What if she refuses me?
A. I don’t know       B. Why me?     C. With pleasure            D. So what?
18 (2012四川卷)1. — Excuse me. How much is the shirt?
— ________.
A. Extra Large       B. 50 each        C. It sells well         D. Altogether there are 5
19 (2012四川卷)3. — Goodbye, John. Come back again sometime.
— Sure. ________.
A. I did             B. I do             C. I shall                D. I will
20 (2012江西卷)27.—Have you paid? What’s my share of the bill?
                  —       . It wasn’t very much.
                                          A.Don’t worry about it.           B.It’s my share  
C.None of your business.                    D. It’s up to you.
21 (2012浙江卷)1.— Is there anything else to discuss?
—________. I guess.
A. Not at all B. No, that's all       C. Yes, I'm sure           D. Yea, of course
22 (2012浙江卷)20. — I'm going to San Francisco for a couple of days.
— _______. I wish I could get away for a while.
A. It doesn't matter        B. Forget it             
C. I really envy you        D. I can't agree more
23 (2012辽宁卷)23. — I’m terribly sorry to interrupt, but may I use your phone? It’s rather urgent.
— Yes,      .
A. with pleasure         B. no burry        C. it doesn’t matter       D. of course
 
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